In many parts of the world, hard water is received from the taps. This is because the underground water has more salt content, which makes the water hard. Such people have no option than to use this hard water for bathing and washing. Some affluent people do get a water softener installed in their borewells to get soft water in their home taps. But for those who have to bathe with hard water, worry about their hair and skin. In this article, we shall share information on how hard water damages your hair.
What is Hard Water?
Hard water is water containing a lot of calcium and mineral salts. These salt deposits make the water salty and deter its taste as well. When this hard water remains on your tile and grout, it leaves whitish salt deposits that eventually etch the surface. When this hard water is so harmful for tile and grout surfaces, imagine the effect it might have on your skin and hair.
Does Hard Water Damage your Hair?
Yes, hard water can damage your hair and make the damage irreversible at times. When hair is washed with hard water, a film or build-up of salts remains on your hair and scalp. This film prevents moisture penetration into each hair strand, resulting in very dry hair and itchy scalp.
Common Problems Faced by Women after Washing Hair with Hard Water:
In a study conducted on 15 females, it was found that hard water damages hair. Their hair samples were washed both in hard water and distilled water for 30 days each. It was found that those who washed hair with hard water faced:
- Hair thinning
- Split ends
- Frizzy Hair
- More Tangles
- Dry Scalp
When left untreated, hair washed with hard water regularly can result in hair loss sooner.
Prevention and Treatment:
Installation of a Water Softener:
If you cannot avoid hard water coming from your taps, you can install a water softener. Such a device removes all salt deposits from water and makes it soft and distilled for use. If this works out costly for you, you can, alternatively, have a head bath with distilled water from your home water dispenser.
Use a Clarifying Shampoo:
Such shampoos are specially formulated for treating hair washed in hard water. They are better able to penetrate the films created by the salt deposits, remove all the deposits, build-up and debris. Also, use only a sulphate-free shampoo to wash your hair.
You must ensure that you use a good hair conditioner regularly after each hair wash. Such a conditioner will help to control the fizz, soften your hair, detangle it and make it manageable.
You must also do a hair spa regularly. Using a hot and wet towel treatment will help to restore the lost moisture back into your hair.
Oil your Hair Regularly:
When you apply oil to your hair regularly, you help to create a protective film around each hair strand and prevent it from further moisture loss.
Another good remedy is to apply a home-made hair mask regularly. You can use high-conditioning ingredients like bananas, curd, milk, honey or aloe vera to condition and soften your hair.
This way, if you take care of all the above-mentioned points, you will be able to prevent damage from hard water. Additionally, you should use only sulphate and paraben-free products and avoid chemical treatments.