If you love your coffee, you might have often wondered where the amazing beans or powder come from. Well, coffee, to your surprise, grows on plants. Here is a complete coffee plant profile to update you.
Coffee beans grow on a pretty little plant that has glossy shining leaves and a small stature. The coffee plant is native to the country of Ethiopia. Scientifically known as Coffea Arabica, this plant flowers in the spring season and gives birth to tiny white flowers and tiny berries that slowly turn into a blackish color from a bright green hue. These fruits in the shape of berries or pods are actually coffee bean pods.
Each berry contains two seeds, and these seeds are used as coffee beans for brewing coffee. Coffee plants grow into medium-sized trees in their native land, but people who grow coffee plants specially for cultivation of coffee keep on pruning the plants to keep them at a manageable height, especially when they are growing the plant indoors.
It is best to cultivate a coffee plant before the onset of spring season. Coffee plants cannot grow from beans available at a store, as they are roasted and treated and hence will not sprout. Coffee trees or plants grow vigorously, but they take their initial few years before they start producing flowers and fruits.
Coffee Plant Profile:
- Botanical Name – Coffea Arabica
- Common Name – Coffee Plant, Arabian Coffee
- Plant Type – Evergreen perennial
- Sun Exposure – Bright and indirect sunlight
- Mature Size – 6 to 15 ft tall
- Soil Type – Moist and Rich
- Soil pH – Acidic to Neutral
- Flower Color – White
- Hardiness – 9 to 11
- Native – Ethiopia, Africa
Instructions on How to Grow Coffee Plants:
Any tree or plant requires some basic conditions to grow properly. Here are the requisites to growing a coffee plant properly:
Your environment should mimic the one found in a tropical mountainside, like that in Ethiopia, Tropical Africa. There is plenty of water available with good soil drainage. The weather is highly humid and the temperature is cool. The soil is acidic and rich. This plant can grow outdoors as well with similar conditions. For indoor coffee cultivation, ensure that you have placed your plant next to a window, under indirect sunlight. The plant should be away from cool drafts like that from air-conditioning. You will have to water the plant once a week to keep it moist.
Coffee plants grow well under full or dappled sunlight. This plant type thrives better under a forest canopy and does not sustain under direct sunlight. If the leaves of your plant are browning, it is an indication that the plant is receiving too much sunlight.
The soil should be rich, peat-based and potting soil with good drainage. The soil should also be acidic. You can make your plant thrive better by adding more organic matter. This will increase the soil pH. The pH should be between 4 to 7.
You will need to give ample water and regular water to your plant.The plant should be evenly moist but not drenched. Ensure that the soil does not dry out totally.
Temperature and Humidity:
The optimal temperature range for coffee plants is between 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit in the daytime and between 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit in the night time. The plant may shoot up in higher temperatures, but this has an impact on the bean quality. They need to ripen gradually at a steady and slow pace. Also, the temperature should be very humid. If the air is dry, the leaves might begin to brown. You can prevent that by misting the plant daily.
A weak liquid fertilizer should be fed to the plant every couple of weeks, especially when it is growing.
Potting and Repotting:
It is advised to repot the coffee plant every spring season. You should also increase your pot size every time. The container should have many drainage holes. If you want to keep the same pot size, you will need to prune the plant to keep its growth manageable.
Toxicity of Coffee Plants:
These plants are toxic to animals. All the parts of the coffee plant, except the coffee bean are toxic to humans.
Symptoms of Poisoning:
The common symptoms of this plant’s poisoning include lack of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. In rare cases, it can lead to seizures and heart rate.
This plant sometimes suffers from infestations from aphids, mealybugs and mites. Sometimes, tiny webs and clumps of white powdery residue are sometimes visible on the plant. These infestations should be treated with least toxic treatments.
These are the basic details of the coffee plant and update yourself with the evergreen Aglaonema Plant Profile.